It is found in USDA Zones 4-8, whereas the southern catalpa prefers Zones 5-9. Thank you for visiting these Catalpa Tree Pictures at Tree-Pictures.com, please come back soon for more great tree pictures! Catalpa worms are the fish-bait of choice for many anglers here in the south. Phonetic Spelling kah-TAL-pah big-non-ee-OY-deez Description. Fishing enthusiasts prize the caterpillars as bait, particularly for catfish, and may freeze them for months after collecting them in the spring.. The flowers grow in clusters and have red and yellow stripes. It is native to a relatively small area extending from central Mississippi, Alabama and … Southern Catalpa has many interesting features and uses. Catalpa Trees: Comments, Reference, Facts, Info. It is closely related to the Northern Catalpa (C. speciosa), and can be distinguished by the flowering panicles, which bear a larger number of smaller flowers, and the slightly slenderer seed capsules. There are three common catalpa species—two North American and … The Southern Catalpa is a smaller tree with considerably more blossoms that are lavender or purple in color, probably more attractive than its northern cousin. Tree is rather weak wooded and messy. It is a fast growing tree which prefers moist, well drained, alkaline soil, but can tolerate a range of soil types (this is why it could be, to some, considered a weedy plant). The hybrid is sterile and at least two crosses exist, 'White Cloud' and 'Pink Dawn'. A symptom of all is brown spots on the leaves. For one thing, it's strong, extensive root system can prevent soil erosion. Europeans first observed the tree growing in the fields of the Cherokee Native American tribes, who called it Catalpa. Powdery mildew causes a white powdery coating on the leaves. Their size makes them a prominent feature, as those on a northern catalpa can be a foot in length and as wide as 8 inches; the southern catalpa leaves are slightly smaller. Family Name (Scientific and Common): Bignoniaceae, Continent of Origin: Northeastern United States, Manner of Culture: Landscape Shrub-Vine-Tree, Stem (or Trunk) Diameter: More Than The Diameter of a Coffee-Mug, Characteristics of Mature (Brownish) Bark: Lines Go Up-Down, Length of Leaf (or Leaflet): Longer Than a Writing Pen, Leaf Arrangement: Whorled (3 or more leaves per node), Patterns of Main-Veins on Leaf (or Leaflet): Pinnate, Leaf Hairiness: Somewhat Hairy (underneath), Change in Color of Foliage in October: Changes to Yellow, Shape of Individual Flower: Radial Symmetry, Size of Individual Flower: Between a Quarter and the Length of a Credit Card, Size of Fruit: Larger than the Length of a Credit Card, Fruit Desirable to Birds or Squirrels: No, Common Name(s): Northern Catalpa, Hardy Catalpa, Western Catalpa, Cigar Tree, and Catawba-Tree. This coarse, large leaved tree spreads 50 feet and tolerates hot, dry weather, but leaves may scorch and some drop from the tree in very dry summers. Common names include southern catalpa, cigartree, and Indian-bean-tree (or Indian bean tree). Winter buds: No terminal bud, uppermost bud is axillary. A single flower when fully expanded is two inches long and an inch and a half wide. Stamens: Two, rarely four, inserted near the base of the corolla, introrse, slightly exserted; anthers oblong, two-celled, opening longitudinally; filaments flattened, thread-like. When severe, the leaves yellow and fall off. The Southern Catalpa is a perennial deciduous tree that blooms from May to June. For one thing, it's strong, extensive root system can prevent soil erosion. , The leaves are large and heart shaped, being 20–30 cm long and 15–20 cm broad. Leaf spots are rarely serious so no chemical control is suggested. The general effect of the flower cluster is a pure white, but the individual corolla is spotted with purple and gold, and some of these spots are arranged in lines along a ridge, so as to lead directly to the nectar within. Southern Catalpa is planted as an ornamental tree and is sometimes included in urban landscaped lawns for shade and for its showy spring flowers. Catalpa bignonioides contains varying levels of iridoid glycosides that deter generalist herbivores, but which are tolerated by and concentrated in Ceratomia catalpae caterpillars. The catalpa blooms with a heavy load of flowers in the spring followed by a large number of leaves in the fall. A full grown Chinese catalpa, down near the Stone Arch Bridge in SE Minneapolis Catalpa bignonioides, commonly called Southern catalpa, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-40’ (less frequently to 60’) tall with an irregular, broad-rounded crown. The genus was common in Europe during the Tertiary period and its fossil remains have been discovered in the Miocene rocks of the Yellowstone River. The other parent is Chilopsis linearis. , Despite its southern origins, it has been able to grow almost anywhere in the United States and southernmost Canada, and has become widely naturalized outside its restricted native range. I don't know if the catalpa in these photos is a southern catalpa (Catalpa bigenoides) or a northern catalpa (Catalpa speciosa). There are two species of catalpa: southern and northern. In the winter, the Southern Catalpa develops many large seedpods. It was a special tree in china because its wood was used to make the bottom of the qin, a traditional Chinese instrument. The Catalpa Tree consists of many species, two are native to the US. It has large, heart-shaped leaves and large clusters of fragrant, white flowers. Finally, fibers from the fruit of the plant can be used to make ropes. Because the caterpillars are an excellent live bait for fishing, some dedicated anglers plant cat… Contains. Ovules numerous. Downsides to landscaping with this tree is that it can be considered invasive in some circumstances, and it litters the lawn with flowers in the spring, leaves in the fall and seed pods in the winter. The bright green leaves appear late and as they are full grown before the flower clusters open, add much to the beauty of the blossoming tree. Catalpa bignonioides is a species of Catalpa that is native to the southeastern United States in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Southern catalpa is also known as "cigar tree" for its sausage-shaped, cylindrical fruits. The Southern catalpa's leaves are heart-shaped and broad, with a lighter green on the underside. Flowers: June, July. ), is a dense globe form usually grafted high on Catalpa bignonioides; it grows about 6 feet high, 5 feet wide, and never blooms. Catalpa bignonioides is the preferred landscape tree. The medium sized, flowering deciduous tree Catalpa bignonioides is a relatively easily grown shade tree that prefers moderate soils but is tolerant of both wet and dry conditions.It prefers being grown in full sun to part shade and has an irregular shape once grown. The only food supply for the Catalpa worm/caterpillar is the leaves of the Catalpa tree. After the flowers bloom, long, cylindrical pods filled with small winged seeds form. Southern Catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides) A very showy tree with large creamy flowers and cordate leaves. The leaves are cordate and the flowers are white. Common names include southern catalpa, cigartree, and Indian-bean-tree (or Indian bean tree). The wood is very light and resistant to rotting, which is why it was used a lot for fence posts and railroad ties until metal took over. Commonly called the Catawba or Indian Bean Tree, this southern US native is an occasional escape from cultivation. It can be made into a tea that is an antidote for snake bites and has also used for a laxative. Attractive, large panicles of white bell-shaped flowers with yellow and purple spots bloom in early summer and are long-lasting. The leaves grow three at each node on the twig in a whorled pattern and are a dull shade of green above with a hairy pale underside. The large leaves make for a great shade tree. The wood is brittle and hard, but does not rot easily; it is used for fence posts and railroad ties. Native to floodplains, southern catalpa is very adaptable and tolerant of adverse conditions. , It is a medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 15–18 metres (49–59 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) diameter, with brown to gray bark, maturing into hard plates or ridges. Nana, or umbrella catalpa (usually sold as Catalpa bungei. are tough. Each flower has its own stamens and its own stigma but the lobes of the stigma remain closed until after the anthers have opened and discharged their pollen; after they have withered and become effete then the stigma opens and invites the wandering bee. Catalpa is also known to be a mild narcotic, which is used in curing the “whooping cough. Six to twenty inches long, brown; hangs on the tree all winter, splitting before it falls. The flower is perfect, possessing both stamens and pistils; nevertheless, the law of elimination is at work and of the five stamens that are expected to be found, three have aborted, ceased to bear anthers and have become filaments simply. Chestnut, Chinese (Castanea mollissima) NE , SE: M: L: Prefers full sun and reasonably well-drained soil. It also multiplies readily from cuttings. , It prefers moist soil and full sun. It is easily raised from seeds which germinate early in the first season. During the fall season the seed pods of the Catalpa tree hang from the tree with the appearance of brown, one foot long cigars. Their leaves may be shaped like delicate hearts and their showy, white blossoms reminiscent of dainty bells, but make no mistake: Catalpa trees (Catalpa spp.) Southern catalpa is a short-trunked tree with a rounded to irregular form that can reach 30 to 40 feet in height. From scale fish to catfish. Leaves: Opposite, or in threes, simple, six to ten inches long, four to five broad.  These caterpillars have a longstanding ecological relationship with the tree, and may defoliate a tree three or more times in a summer without killing it. In the USA, Catalpa bignonioides is undoubtedly a Southern tree. Actually Used As Fish Bait Both trees are fish favorites. The tree is the sole source of food for the catalpa sphinx moth (Ceratomia catalpae), the leaves being eaten by the caterpillars. It can be made into a tea that is an antidote for snake bites and has also used for a laxative. This site is a service of the Consumer Horticulture Program at Purdue University. A unique feature of the Catalpa trees … These cover the tree so thickly as almost to conceal the full grown leaves. They begin to drop early during dry weather in late summer. This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 19:58.  This is an example of a tree exhibiting a symbiotic relationship with nearby insects. Outer scales fall when spring growth begins, inner scales enlarge with the growing shoot, become green, hairy and sometimes two inches long. However, it can flourish in the North as well, and accordingly its original range is somewhat in doubt. Southern catalpa leaves give of a foul odor when crushed while leaves of the Northern catalpa smell more like normal green vegetation. Louisville Plants That Are Most Easily Confused With This One: Royal Paulownia, Tulip Poplar dr. The Catawba worm strives on the tree; these worms are great for fish bait. And the strong wood is used for fence posts and making furniture. Catalpa bignonioides is a species of Catalpa that is native to the southeastern United States in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. It can reach heights of 70’ tall and 40’ wide: its height along with its brittle wood makes it subject to wind and ice damage. They originate from temperate parts of North America, Caribbean region and eastern Asia. Purpurea has dark purple new growth that later turns green. Features distinctively large leaves that are up to 12" in length and 4–8" wide, with a somewhat heart or spear shape. Then, too, the flowers refuse to be self-fertilized. Fruit: Long slender capsule, nearly cylindrical, two-celled, partition at right angles to the valves. Catawba's USDA hardiness zones are 5 through 9A, and it grows from coast to coast. Catalpa also has several medicinal uses. The tree is fairly free from fungal diseases and has few insect enemies.. Northern catalpa is more widely planted than the southern catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides). , The flowers are 2.5–4 cm across, trumpet shaped, white with yellow spots inside; they grow in panicles of 20-40. Catalpa is also known to be a mild narcotic, which is used in curing the “whooping cough. They come out of the bud involute, purplish, when full grown are bright green, smooth above, pale green, and downy beneath. It is two-lipped and the lips are lobed, two lobes above and three below, as is not uncommon with such corollas. It is a larger and narrower tree than the southern catalpa and its pods are longer and stouter. It is smaller than its northern cousin with the same large heart shaped leaves.  It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit, as has the gold-leafed variety C. bignonioides 'Aurea'. Catalpa also has several medicinal uses. 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